Rosacea, pronounced row-ZAY-sha, is a chronic facial skin disorder characterized by areas of redness, and sometimes swelling or pimples. It is a common disorder, affecting an estimated 16 million Americans alone. Rosacea is harmless, though it may cause individuals to become self-conscious, especially in extreme cases.
Do I have rosacea?
Anyone can be affected by rosacea, though most affected individuals are women with fair skin between the ages of 30 and 50. Men experience rosacea far less often than women; however, men with rosacea commonly have more severe symptoms. Additionally, while rosacea is thought of as affecting only the face, it can sometimes be seen on the neck, chest, scalp, and ears.
The redness that rosacea is known for is caused by swollen blood vessels located just beneath the surface of the skin. It is sometimes, though not always, associated with other disorders, including acne, dandruff, corneal ulcers, and blepharitis (eyelid inflammation).
What are the symptoms of rosacea?
Rosacea is most known for causing areas of redness, but there are many other signs and symptoms that will help you and your dermatologist diagnose this condition. These symptoms include:
● Bloodshot, watery, or easily irritated eyes
● Redness seen mainly in the “t-zone,” which is comprised of the cheeks, mid-forehead, nose and chin
● Small spider veins in areas of redness
● Feelings of burning or stinging
● A red, bulbous nose
● Acne-like pimples, which may ooze, crust, or become very dry
What causes rosacea?
The cause of rosacea is technically unknown; however, studies do show many factors which affect most rosacea sufferers, either causing a rosacea outbreak or exacerbating symptoms. The main factors are sun exposure, emotional stress, hot weather, wind, heavy exercise, and alcohol consumption. For a full list of these factors, click here.
Other possible causes of rosacea include elevated cathelicidin (a peptide) levels, elevated stratum corneum tryptic enzymes, small intestinal bacterial overgrowth, and demodex mites. While studies show links between each of these things and the onset of rosacea, there have been no conclusive results, and many people believe that there are simply many causes of
Is there a cure for rosacea?
There is no known cure for rosacea, though many treatments have been put forth. The most popular treatment involves reducing the symptoms of rosacea as much as possible to restore a healthy look and feel to the complexion. This is achieved through using a topical moisturizer specially formulated to care for rosacea-prone skin, restoring normalcy and comfort. Until an actual cure is found, this method of treatment for rosacea is the most effective way to diminish rosacea symptoms.